The terms are sorted in alphabetical order (A>Z).
Bioavailability: The degree and rate at which a substance, like Cannabis, is absorbed by the circulatory system.
- It helps answer questions like – How much will I have to take? – How long before it takes effect? – How long will the effect last?
- It helps you choose from the different CBD-based products.
Bud: A bud, or a flower, is the part of the female cannabis plant that contains the most amount of THC (a psychoactive component). Other cannabinoids, such as CDB (a non-psychoactive component) are also present in buds.
CBD: It is the second most prevalent, non-psychoactive, chemical compound, that is derived from Cannabis.
CBG: Is a non-intoxicating, chemical compound, derived from Cannabis, that can have positive effects on the body.
CO2 Oil: CO2 oil is the oil extracted from the cannabis plant. It is called CO2 oil because CO2 is used as a solvent to create a concentration of cannabinoids and terpenes found in the cannabis plant.
Cannabinoid Receptors: They are G protein-coupled receptors found in the body, that interact in a positive way with Cannabinoids.
There are 2 types of Cannabinoid Receptors CB1 & CB2 – CB1 & CB2 are like LOCKS in the body and Cannabinoids the KEYS to unlock them – CB1 & CB2 transport the “benefits” of Cannabinoids to the body.
Cannabis Strains: Are varieties of the plant, that can be pure or hybrid. Variations coming from different parts, where the first plant took root, are called Landrace Strains. Strains are made to enhance the plant´s chemical compounds, such as CBD or THC.
Eco-friendly: Something that does not harm the environment.
Endocannabinoid System: It’s a neuromodulatory system found in our bodies, that contains Cannabinoid receptors, like the ones found in Cannabis, involved in establishing and maintaining human health.
Environment-friendly: Like eco-friendly, environmentally-friendly describes something that is not harmful to the environment.
Fair Trade: The goal of this certification system is to ensure certain standards, like safe working conditions, fair wages, high quality, and overall ethically produced products, are present in a trading relationship. These standards are set for both the production and supply of a product.
Flavonoids: Are phytonutrients found in fruits, vegetables, and plants, like Cannabis, which have a wide range of functions including pigmentation and have shown positive effects as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antibiotic among others.
Green: Used to describe anything that benefits or minimizes the impact on the environment.
Greenwashing: A term used to describe a brand that portrays itself as eco-friendly or environmentally-friendly by making very superficial eco-friendly claims, which allows it to hide practices that are hazardous to the environment. For example, a fashion brand claims their clothes are eco-friendly because they use recycled materials, when in fact only 10% of the garment is made with such materials.
Hemp: This is a term used to refer to the non-intoxicating Cannabis plant, which has a low percentage of THC. Its stalk, seeds, and leaves are used to make different products, hence the term “Industrial Hemp”.
Hempcrete: This is a building material made from hemp hurds and lime. It´s very light and can regulate the temperature and humidity of structures such as buildings and houses.
Organic: Produce obtained from a farming and food system without the use of artificial chemicals, hormones, antibiotics, or genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
SDGs: In the year 2000, at the Millennium Summit, the UN introduced 8 Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). These goals were set to combat disease, hunger, poverty, illiteracy, discrimination against women, and environmental degradation. At the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012, the progress on these 8 goals was discussed and the process to develop new goals built upon the MDGs was set.
These 17 new goals with its 169 targets came under the name of Sustainable Development goals (SDGs) which were adopted by 193 states in September 2015 and officially launched in 2016. They are a call-to-action for people worldwide to address five critical areas of importance by 2030: people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership.
Sustainability: The ability to use natural resources to meet needs, without depleting these resources, allowing for future needs to be met.
Sustainable: Something that is able to continue over time.
THC: It is the active chemical compound derived from Cannabis, that is responsible for its narcotic and psychoactive effects.
Terpenes: They are aromatic, organic, hydrocarbons found in plants, like Cannabis, which have been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and pain-relieving benefits.
Tincture: It is a medicinal substance extracted from a plant, like Cannabis, dissolved in an alcohol solution.
Real-life applications: 1. Tinctures are consumed orally 2. They usually come with droppers, which give a more precise dose 3. They act faster than other edibles.
Transdermal: Medicine in ointment or patch form, that is absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream.
Trichome: It is used to refer to tiny outgrowths that cover the plant’s body, ranging from small hairs to thorns. They have different jobs like protecting the plant and absorbing water.
Bulbous Trichomes are responsible for secreting resins. Capitate-sessil contains Cannabinoids. Capitate Stalked Trichomes are involved in the synthesis of Cannabinoids and Terpenoids.